After the fall of Naples and the crossing of the Sangro and Volturno rivers, in October-November 1943, fighting between the Anglo-American led United Nations and German occupation forces in southern Italy entered into a temporary stalemate.

With winter setting in the Germans were able to consolidate their “Gustav Line” defences, which ran across the peninsula south of Rome. By now several thousand Batswana were at the front.

The winter itself was especially bad, with floods along the Adriatic adding to the misery of constant sleet and snow. In the forward areas the Batswana, along with other frontline troops, were often forced to abandon their relatively comfortable billets (metal prefab shelters) for tents dug into the mud.

Editor's Comment
CoA brings sanity to DIS/DCEC long-standing feud

This decision follows the raiding of the office of the former Director General of the DCEC, Tymon Katlholo early 2022 and his staff officer by the DIS operatives who reportedly took files that they had targeted.After all back and forth arguments, the CoA has set the record straight giving an invaluable lesson to the DIS that it was no super security organ and it does not have any powers to cogently supervise other security organs including the...

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