Cervical Health

Cervical health is a critical aspect of women's well-being, with the cervix playing a crucial role in reproductive health. The cervix, the lower part of the uterus, connects to the vagina and serves as a gateway for sperm entry during fertilisation and the passage for a baby during childbirth.

Cervical health is often associated with the prevention, detection, and treatment of cervical cancer, a condition primarily caused by persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV). This essay explores the importance of cervical health, risk factors for cervical cancer, preventive measures, and the significance of regular screenings.

Cervical cancer: A global health concern Cervical cancer is a major public health concern worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 570, 000 new cases and 311, 000 deaths occurred globally in 2018, with over 85% of these cases reported in low- and middle-income countries. Persistent infection with high risk HPV types, particularly HPV-16 and HPV-18, is the primary cause of cervical cancer. Other risk factors include smoking, immunosuppression, long-term oral contraceptive use, and a family history of cervical cancer. Preventive measures: HPV vaccination One of the most effective preventive measures against cervical cancer is vaccination against high-risk HPV types. Vaccines such as Gardasil 9 and Cervarix have been developed to protect against the most common HPV strains associated with cervical cancer.

Editor's Comment
Let’s get the constitutional amendment right

Their concerns highlight the need for meaningful dialogue between government and relevant stakeholders to ensure the best interests of the country are served.This was in addition to other voices from opposition politicians and civil society organisations.The stance underscores the importance of citizen participation in the constitutional amendment process. The AFM rightly assert that such weighty matters demand thorough discussions to reflect the...

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