Birth Defects Prevention

Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that can affect a child's overall health and development.

These conditions can arise from genetic factors, environmental exposures, or a combination of both. The prevention of birth defects is a crucial aspect of public health, requiring a multidimensional approach that encompasses preconception care, genetic counseling, and awareness of environmental risk factors.

Preconception Care Preconception care plays a pivotal role in birth defects prevention, as it focuses on optimising a woman's health before conception. Adequate nutrition, including sufficient intake of folic acid, is essential during the preconception period. Folic acid is known to reduce the risk of neural tube defects, which affect the brain and spinal cord. The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that women of childbearing age consume 400 micrograms of folic acid daily, either through diet or supplements.

Editor's Comment
Let’s get the constitutional amendment right

Their concerns highlight the need for meaningful dialogue between government and relevant stakeholders to ensure the best interests of the country are served.This was in addition to other voices from opposition politicians and civil society organisations.The stance underscores the importance of citizen participation in the constitutional amendment process. The AFM rightly assert that such weighty matters demand thorough discussions to reflect the...

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