Botswana ramps up interest in ‘climate smart’ aquaponics

President of the Bahamas Agriculture and Marine Science Institute Dr Hanna. PIC PHATSIMO KAPENG
President of the Bahamas Agriculture and Marine Science Institute Dr Hanna. PIC PHATSIMO KAPENG

With the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation predicting that 62% of all global fish will be produced through aquaculture, Botswana is among the countries which are set to ramp up fish farming as it seeks to feed the population and increase food security.

Aquaculture is breeding, raising and harvesting fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants and it is the fastest growing food production system in the world. Therefore, aquaponics, an avenue that Botswana aims to explore, combines aquaculture with hydroponics. The latter is the technique of growing plants using a water-based nutrient solution rather than soil. Recently, it was revealed that Botswana and The Bahamas will start implementing their partnership with emphasis on aquaponics where fish and crops are raised together in a practical, productive and ecologically balanced system. Aquaponics is a sustainable method of raising both fish and vegetables. Botswana saw this as an unmissable opportunity to step up aquaculture production and ensure that the country takes a more responsible stance on food security.

The Bahamas aquaponics expertise

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