African Unity: A dream deferred?

As the African Union (AU) is marking the 50th anniversary of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) under the theme 'Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance', it is necessary to subject the 50 years' journey of the OAU/AU with respect to the question of unity to critical scrutiny.

To this end, it is imperative that we heed the counsel of former South African President Thabo Mbeki that in the context of the 50th anniversary of the OAU 'We must answer some questions honestly: What progress have we made towards the achievement of the objectives set by the OAU, AU and New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)? What shall we do in this regard?'

This should involve an appreciation of the dismal performance of the continent on the question of African unity.Accordingly, in what follows I would like to highlight the road that post-independence leaders pursued and how it led to the betrayal of the promises of liberation and hence the dream of unity as well as the catastrophic consequence of this failure of the post-independence political class. In the process, I also hope to identify the major factors that impeded substantive progress towards the dream of the unification of people of the continent.

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This period, running from May 20 to 31 2024, is crucial for those who have not yet registered to vote. This announcement comes in response to a significant shortfall in registered voters following the recent registration period. As it stands, only 62% of the target number of voters registered, leaving a considerable gap.With Botswana's general elections scheduled for October, every eligible citizen needs to register and exercise their...

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