Mmegi Blogs :: Why We Should All Be Feminists (III) - How Has Feminism Developed? The Waves Of Feminism
Banners
Banners
Banners
Banners
Last Updated
Friday 22 March 2019, 13:01 pm.
Banners
Why We Should All Be Feminists (III) - How Has Feminism Developed? The Waves Of Feminism

Whereas the legacy of Western feminism may often be seen to be centred in "bourgeoisie individualism and patriarchal control over women within capitalist industrialised societies", many African’s concerns are more cultural, communal, poverty and power.
By Lesego Nswahu Nchunga Mon 17 Dec 2018, 16:18 pm (GMT +2)
Mmegi Blogs :: Why We Should All Be Feminists (III) - How Has Feminism Developed? The Waves Of Feminism








It is a bold embrace of sexuality, religion and culture in their diversities, using deliberate efforts. The earlier post-Protectorate accounts of Botswana feminism were, as detailed in the first piece in this series, focused on advocacy on civil and political rights. By and large, this insisted on the separation of women’s realities.

The emphasis was on the public aspects of women’s daily lived experiences, almost often to the exclusion of what is considered private aspect of women’s existence.

The public elements were things such as women’s political participation, the inclusion of women in the development of the economy of the country, women’s labour rights as well as the involvement of women in the civic duties as well as those related to citizenship. On a global perspective, this was what was known as the second wave of feminism.

This was followed by the third wave, which brought attention to women as private beings. It moved away from the idea that women are all the same. Some would say, it was in this wave that we started actively thinking of women as individuals, and not parts of clusters. Individualism and diversity were resounding themes. There was more public discussion about things that were usually considered private, and particularly sexual and reproductive health rights. It was in this period that the Penal Code was amended where it relates to abortion rights, to create provision for termination of pregnancy in certain instances, such as when the pregnancy is as a result of rape, or where it poses health risks for the person carrying it, or where the foetus threatens to be born with deformities.

It was also in this wave that women who are generally sexually marginalised became overtly vocal about the specific challenges that they face. This was also around the time that gender as a construct, started being discussed, beyond just social roles, but as a non-normative paradigm and idea. This wave was generally from the 90s until around 2008. Towards the boundary or otherwise end of this wave, many assumed the end of feminism. Because of the forms of advocacy that were embarked on, there was little that was publicly visible. Engagement was more higher level, as opposed to being heard in the court of public opinion.

The fourth and current wave of feminism is the one that disambiguates sexual assault, harassment and misogyny.  These are topics which have largely been concealed under the guises of

Banners

what we have come to know as respectability politics, which silence those who question mainstream behaviours which have been made acceptable by concealing the realities. Respectability politics essentially refers to the attempts by some members of marginalised groups, to police their own members and show their values as being continuous and compatible with mainstream values instead of challenging them.

It’s the idea that conforming will protect a member of a marginalised group from social prejudices and discrimination. An example is when women groups advocate for women’s rights at the exclusion of the rights of female sex workers, because of social morality and the insistence by patriarchy that women cannot, of their own accord, publicly decide to use their bodies for economic value. Usually, the misconception is that the silencing of sex worker movement in public discourse on women’s rights, will keep women’s rights acceptable and palatable. Or the idea that sexual violence is taboo, and those who discuss it are crass, crude, unpolished, and are therefore not believable. If they are not believable, then they must have deserved it.

The current wave of politics, in most of it’s manifestations, attempts to undo this. It often completely unpacks the normative ideas of existing, on a daily basis teasing out the many nuanced and subtle abuses accommodated and encouraged by misogyny. Whereas the older waves of feminism used tools including documentation in academic articles and even non-academic articles, the fourth wave is often deliberated on social media pages, where actions, words, conduct and performances are publicly dissected, and even the smallest form of prejudice is highlighted and change demanded. It is at this point that the current wave of feminism finds itself differing from the previous waves. Because of how bold it is, and how it confronts absolutely everyone, bagolo often misunderstand it to be disrespectful, too boisterous, and departing from the previous confines of activism and advocacy. And perhaps it is quite extravagant, overzealous and extremely more questioning. This is because beyond just policy, which seems separate from the people, it insist on social change of individuals. It’s misconstrued to be “man-bashing”.

The truth is that it is intended to be the slaying of patriarchy, a system usually thought to benefit men than women, and yet it favours nobody. The current wave of feminism moves beyond the pages. It maintains that the translation of our politics or beliefs and values into reality.

Subscribe to our Newsletter
Banners
Banners
Banners


There Are No Others
Mon 17 Dec 2018, 16:18 pm
Mon 10 Dec 2018, 15:02 pm
Mon 03 Dec 2018, 15:15 pm
Mon 26 Nov 2018, 14:50 pm
Mon 19 Nov 2018, 13:46 pm
Mon 12 Nov 2018, 14:33 pm
Mon 05 Nov 2018, 15:27 pm
Mon 29 Oct 2018, 14:00 pm
Mon 22 Oct 2018, 13:49 pm
Mon 15 Oct 2018, 13:18 pm
Mon 24 Sep 2018, 15:01 pm
Mon 17 Sep 2018, 13:00 pm
Mon 10 Sep 2018, 14:00 pm
Mon 03 Sep 2018, 12:06 pm
Mon 27 Aug 2018, 14:41 pm
Mon 20 Aug 2018, 14:32 pm
Mon 13 Aug 2018, 14:41 pm
Mon 06 Aug 2018, 13:26 pm
Mon 30 Jul 2018, 13:34 pm
Mon 23 Jul 2018, 13:53 pm
Mon 09 Jul 2018, 15:23 pm
Mon 25 Jun 2018, 18:16 pm
Mon 18 Jun 2018, 18:52 pm
Mon 11 Jun 2018, 14:04 pm
Mon 04 Jun 2018, 13:41 pm
Banners
Banners
Subscribe to our Newsletter
have a story? Send us a Tip
Banners
  • Previous
    Cold Pursuit
    Next
    Masa Centre
    ::: Friday 22 Mar - Thursday 28 Mar :::
    Cold Pursuit
    Escape Room
    Wonder Park
    What Men Want
    What Men Want
  • Previous
    If Beale Street Could Talk
    Next
    Riverwalk
    ::: Friday 22 Mar - Thursday 28 Mar :::
    If Beale Street Could Talk
    Cold Pursuit
    Wonder Park
    Captain Marvel
    What Men Want
  • Previous
    Escape Room
    Next
    Gamecity
    ::: Friday 22 Mar - Thursday 28 Mar :::
    Escape Room
    Cold Pursuit
    Wonder Park
    Captain Marvel
Selefu
BDP Disciplinary Committee
Banners
Banners