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Twenty-three-year-old Tsaone Mpayang is a photographer and travel mana...
Sadi Dikgaka songmaker, Thebe Rabogatsu also known as Young Prince in ...
It is rare to find young people showing interest in traditional poetry...
Now approaching its third year, the MultiChoice Talent Factory (MTF) A...
Monday, June 07, 2021
In our last episode, we left off with the British Colonial Office having had reached a consensus that while the Protectorates of Bechuanaland, Basutoland and Swaziland would “not be immediately included within the sphere of responsibility of a united South Africa.”
Monday, May 31, 2021
In our last episode, we left off with the observation that the May 1908 appeals by Kgosikgolo Sebele I and the Basotho monarch Letsie II petitioning against the incorporation of their territories into the proposed Union of South Africa were taken seriously by the British High Commissioner for Southe...
Monday, May 24, 2021
One hundred and thirteen years ago, on May 23, 1908, the Bakwena Kgosi Sebele I became the first traditional leader in Botswana formally express to the British Government expressing his subject’s objection to becoming part of a future Union of South Africa.
Monday, May 17, 2021
The “Kwando” (or “Cuando”), “Linyanti” and “Chobe” are alternative names for a single river whose thalweg or the main channel has since 1890 defined much of Botswana’s northern border.
Monday, May 10, 2021
One hundred and twenty years ago, on May 9, 1891, the legal basis for British colonial rule over the Bechuanaland Protectorate was affirmed through the proclamation of a royal instrument known as an Order-in-Council.
Tuesday, May 04, 2021
In a previous (19-4-21) instalment of this series, it was observed that in recent years there has been a popular upsurge of interest in the potential business as well as military strategy lessons to be drawn from the career of the Zulu Kingdom’s founder, Nkosi Shaka kaSenzangakhona to the excl...
Monday, April 26, 2021
As previously noted, military history may be defined as the study of armed conflict and its impact on society.
Monday, April 19, 2021
“The King was, notwithstanding, always on his legs examining everything of consequence with his own eyes, and indeed we were astonished at the precautions, foresight, and military skill used by this intrepid Chief, which indicated a practical knowledge of his profession that would not have dis...
Monday, April 12, 2021
Over the years this series has often covered instances of martial conflict from Botswana’s past.
Monday, March 29, 2021
In our last episode the young Bangwaketse Kgosi Bathoen II had suffered a setback in October 1932 when he led a mophato into Moshupa in a vain attempt to impose his own overseer on the village.
Monday, March 22, 2021
In our last episode it was observed that, at an August 27, 1930 kgotla meeting in Kanye, the new British Resident Commissioner, Charles Rey, ordered that Kgosi Gobuamang’s son Kgabosetso should immediately take over as the Mosopa sub-chief, while his father would be detained in Kanye “to...
Monday, March 15, 2021
In our last episode it was observed that notwithstanding the 1904 bogwera controversy, prior to the 1928 installation of Bangwaketse Kgosi Bathoen II, there had not been any serious conflict between the people of Kanye and Moshupa. 
Monday, March 08, 2021
In our last episode it, was observed that after he had moved his people back to Moshupa from Kgabodukwe, the Bakgatla bagaMmanaana Kgosi Pilane attempted to adopt a non-aligned stance in the continued conflict between the Bakwena and Bakgatla bagaKgafela.
Monday, March 01, 2021
In the aftermath of the Battle of Dimawe and subsequent Boer withdrawal from Botswana the BagaMmanaana joined the Bakwena in falling back to Dithubaruba.
Monday, February 22, 2021
In our previous episode we saw that despite their initial success in breaking through the Bangwaketse and Bakgatla bagaMmanaana lines, the August 30, 1852 Battle at Dimawe turned into a daylong stalemate as members the Boer commando under the direction of Commandant-General Piet Scholtz’s chie...
Monday, February 15, 2021
In our previous episode the Bakwena Kgosi Sechele had rejected the Boer Commandant Pieter Scholtz’s demand that he surrender the Bakgatla bagMmanaana Kgosi Mosielele as a step towards acknowledging the hegemony of the newly formed Transvaal Boer Republic of Andries Pretorius.
Monday, February 08, 2021
In the days that immediately followed their August 17, 1852 massacre at Maanwane, Commandant-General Scholtz’s commando skirmished with Mosielele’s retreating Bakgatla bagaMmanaana and Kgakge’s Bakwena booRatshosa, along with additional Bakwena scouting parties sent out by Sechele....
Monday, February 01, 2021
We left off in 1852 with the peace and independence of the Bakgatla bagaMmanaana under Kgosi Mosielele, along with that neighbouring merafe, under threat by the Transvaal Boers led by Andries Pretorius.
Monday, January 25, 2021
We left off with Bakgatla bagaMmanaana under Kgosi Mosielele having enjoyed relative peace and prosperity during the 1840s, in part due to their village’s proximity to the LMS mission at Mabotsa.
Monday, January 18, 2021
The Bakgatla branch of Batswana are generally divided into five subgroups. Among these the principle dikgosi and greater numbers of the Bakgatla-ba-Mmakau, Bakgatla-ba-Mosetlha and Bakgatla-ba-Motsha are to be found in South Africa, while the Bakgatla bagaKgafela are well known for having a signific...
Monday, January 11, 2021
As we begin a new year still in the shadow of the SARS-CoV-2 or “Covid-19” virus we can hope and pray that emerging vaccines will ultimately deliver better times.
Monday, December 21, 2020
This week we take a break from our “Blackman’s War” series to share an English translation of Ratshosa aMostswetla account, published in the February 1896 edition of the Makoko a Becwana newspaper, of how Dikgosi Bathoen, Khama and Sebele were greeted upon their December 1895 retur...
Monday, December 14, 2020
We left off on October 24, 1899, with the British officials and police under Deputy Commissioner William Surmon abandoning Gaborone Camp and Station in the face of the advancing Transvaal Boer Commando of Commandant Peter “Ramolara” Swartz.
Monday, December 07, 2020
We left off on October 18, 1899 with the British Lieutenant Colonel Hubert Plumer having arrived from Fort Tuli with reinforcements to join Kgosi Khama’s already vigorous defence of Gammangwato.
Monday, November 30, 2020
Last week we observed that by October of 1899 the Dikgosi of the Bechuanaland Protectorate had been directly instructed by the then British High Commissioner Sir (later Lord) Alfred Milner of their duty to mobilise their warriors in order to assist in the repelling of anticipated Boer advances into ...

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