Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un have become the first sitting US president and North Korean leader to meet, an unprecedented development after a year of exchanging threats.
The pair shook hands at a luxury hotel on Singapore's Sentosa island before proceeding to talks.
After the summit the leaders signed a "comprehensive" document, promising a new relationship between the nations.
They had been discussing defusing tensions and nuclear disarmament.
The document commits North Korea to work towards denuclearisation and promises "new... relations" between Washington and Pyongyang.
It makes no mention of US demands for "complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation".
At a signing ceremony the leaders gave brief comments to the press but failed to elaborate their views on the document.
Mr Trump spoke of a "special bond" with the North Korean leader and said he was "absolutely" willing to invite him to the White House.
"We've decided to leave the past behind," Mr Kim said. "The world will see major changes."
Still, analysts remain divided on what the summit will ultimately achieve. Some see it as a propaganda win for Mr Kim, others a potential path to peace.
How the historic moment unfolded
The summit began with a striking image, unimaginable just months ago.
The two men walked towards each other and firmly gripped each other's hands in front of US and North Korean flags.
Mr Trump patted Mr Kim's arm as they stood on red carpet and exchanged a few words before turning to face the gathered press.
"I feel really great. We're going to have a great discussion and will be tremendously successful," the US president said.
Sitting alongside each other, ahead of a one-on-one meeting, the pair appeared relaxed against the odds.
"It was not easy to get here," Mr Kim said. "There were obstacles but we overcame them to be here," and his counterpart responded "That's true."
The two men, accompanied only by interpreters, spoke for a little under 40 minutes. They were then joined by small delegations of advisors for a working lunch.
From Washington the group included US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and security adviser John Bolton, and on Pyongyang's side, Mr Kim's "right-hand man" and former spy chief Kim Yong-chol, and foreign minister Ri Yong-ho.
Over lunch they shared a mix of Western and Korean dishes, including stuffed cucumbers and Daegu jorim, a soy-braised fish dish.
What does this mean for each man?
The unprecedented event carries great potential prestige for each leader - but also, in the long run, a possibly catastrophic loss of face.
For the moment Mr Trump will credit any successful outcome of talks to his "maximum pressure" campaign on North Korea, that tightened economic sanctions and threatened military action. Many believe that no matter what is achieved this will be the narrative.
Such a meeting has long been seen as a prize in the eyes of North Korea for the legitimacy it would confer on its leader.
Kim's journey from outcast to statesman
For decades, North Korea has been a pariah state, and now its latest hereditary leader is being treated as a world statesman.
Last year, it would have been a rare sight to see a North Korean flag flying anywhere in Asia.
Now, Mr Kim - who runs a totalitarian regime with extreme censorship and forced-labour camps - is meeting and greeting dignitaries.
On the eve of the summit, Mr Kim toured Singapore's tourist sites, waving to excited crowds and snapped a selfie with the city state's foreign minister.
Tuesday's front page of North Korea's official newspaper featured the extraordinary scenes on display in Singapore, offering many in the country and unprecedented glimpse of their leader in a setting utterly at odds with their daily life.
What were the talks expected to cover?
The US wants North Korea to get rid of its nuclear weapons in an irreversible manner that can be verified by the international community.
Ahead of the meeting, Mr Pompeo said the US would only accept "complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation" - but would offer "unique" security guarantees.
But analysts question why Mr Kim would give up his nuclear weapons after pushing so hard to get them.
A formal end to the Korean war was also likely to be discussed. The 1950-53 conflict ended with a truce, not a final peace treaty. Mr Trump had said signing a peace agreement would probably be "the easy part".
How did we get here?
This is an outcome that seemed unimaginable less than a year ago - when Mr Trump and Mr Kim exchanged streams of fiery insults - and North Korea conducted several ballistic missile tests in defiance of the international community.
Mr Trump famously vowed to unleash "fire and fury" if Pyongyang kept threatening the US. Meanwhile, Mr Kim has called Mr Trump "mentally deranged" and a "dotard"
But earlier this year North Korea showed a new openness to diplomacy and held direct talks with Seoul. The rapid improvement in relations between the North and South Korea - technically still at war - culminated with a historic leaders' summit in April.
During this warming of relations between the two Koreas, Mr Trump stunned the world by accepting an invitation to meet Mr Kim.