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Thursday 18 December 2014, 14:58 pm.
Digging tswana roots

The jewel in the sky
By Staff Writer Sat 20 Dec 2014, 21:24 pm (GMT +2)
Mmegi Online :: Digging tswana roots

Stars often look like bright jewels in the sky. In long-forgotten Bantu roots, they were actually named as such.Sebaga in Tswana (sebaha in Sotho) is a universal protolanguage term meaning 'that which shines' and we now relate it to 'beads'. Before we explain this further, what is a 'protolanguage'? This is a linguistic term referring to an original language, or the oldest discerned form of a language family. However, my own discoveries have taken me beyond this - into the very root-language once spoke by all, deemed as impossible to trace. As revealed in my ever-burgeoning Dictionary of Protolanguage Terms - to which I am regularly adding new words - most such terms will invariably involve Bantu languages, of which Sotho-Tswana forms an important part. In fact we can be sure that such words were 'protolanguage' if they cut across far-removed and disparate language families. So, how do we know that baha is one such proto-term? Well, let me spare a few lines to explain this.

The name Baha'u'llah (the founder of the Baha'i faith), means '[the] Glory of God (Allah)'. In turn, 'glory' is associated with something brilliant or shining or outstanding. But we can drill down even deeper and trace the root 'ha' in baha to 'ra'. As indicated in my lexicology, where a hard g is pronounced - as in sebaga - r, h and g were indicated interchangeably for this. In Tswana, 'ra' is rendered emphatically - as in ra! It connotes a sudden burst of energy, as in ragoga (leave suddenly and quickly). As such, it informs the term 'radiation': an emanation [of light or other waves].

Radiation is often viewed like ripples on a pond - going outward in circles - hence the proto-term raka. Indeed, rakia in Hebrew means a ring or bracelet, which is leseka in Tswana. How do these all tie up? Circa, a Latin word meaning 'around' - also the root term for 'circle' - was once se-raka: circle-like; a term totally understandable in Sotho-Tswana. Indeed, mo-raka (kraal) is the round boundary used to contain animals. Lerako is a circle. Le-seka is thus not far removed from circa in terms of our protolanguage, nor is rakia from le-rako.

The term baha, we can now see, was alternatively bara. As such, the Semitic term barak becomes interesting.Although now deemed to mean '[the] blessed', its etymology or semantical development was evidently as follows: raka = radiant, ring-like > glorified > blessed. As such, we can now understand the name 'Pasebakaenuit', the Egyptian throne-name for the Biblical King David. Of course, we conclusively proved that the Biblical Patriarchs from Perez to David (Ruth 4:18) were actually the pharaohs Rameses IX to Psusennes II (the Greek version of Pasebakaenuit).

That is why, up to David, no archaeological evidence for them could be found in present-day Israel. 'Pa' in Tswana would be pa! (sudden brightness); 'seba' is sebaa (sebaha: a star/jewel), and 'enuit' is EN.AT (in Sumerian syntax), meaning 'Multiplying (ata) Lord (ene)': the same Aten or Adonis or Adonai of lore. David was thus the 'Bright Star of the Lord', hence his 'Star of David' symbol, which is actually made up of an upward-pointing [Egyptian] pyramid intersecting a lower pointing one - perhaps also reflecting the much-desired unification of Lower Egypt and the Promised Land, which David temporarily achieved.

In my Harmonized Chronology (see my e-book at, from 995 to 988 BC, David ruled only Egypt. These are the perceived 7 years in which he reigned in 'Hebron' before ruling from Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 29:27). The year 988 BC was when he replaced Saul as king of the Canaan region, the Promised Land, thus ruling a new and enlarged E-sira-El. Here, Lower Egypt was no longer just a buffer zone to shield off (Tswana: sira) Canaan on behalf of El, the Lord. David's preoccupation with political intrigue and wars in Canaan was, however, to the neglect of Egypt. Shishaq/Shoshenq, the founder of a new dynasty of Libyan extraction (called the Twenty-Second Dynasty) thus overthrew Psusennes II and ruled Egypt, leaving David with just the Promised Land, the reduced Israel.

Scholars have determined that Psusennes II (our David) ruled Egypt for 24 years, and this indeed corresponds to 995 to 971 BC in my Harmonized Chronology. Along with Shoshenq, their dates of ascendance are, however, 28 years behind my reconciled dates. Why this difference? In a prior article I had mentioned that some scholars correctly suspect - with much reason - that a 'pharaoh Horemheb' did not succeed Aye. Aye was the general that restored order to Egypt after the death of Tutankhamen but evidently handed power over to Rameses I. Thus, if we remove the 28 years of Horemheb and place them elsewhere, we arrive at my fully-reconciled dates.

In a later article, we will show incontrovertible proof that Horemheb belonged in the era of Shishaq/Shoshenq and Solomon - as the Old Testament correctly records - but this will involve deciphering the Egyptian name 'Horemheb' itself, and rendering it into his well-known Hebrew name; something that scholars could not do with certainty. Of course, this required the knowledge of Sotho-Tswana, an ancient Egyptian language very close to our original universal protolanguage.The 33 years David ruled in 'Israel' are from 988 to 955 BC in my Harmonized Timeline.Before we plunge into certain riveting aspects of this famous king, we need to note that the entire years of his rule were 40 years and so were his son Solomon's. Was this mere coincidence or was there something behind this round figure? As we unbundle this era, we will reveal one of the deepest secrets of the Elohim - the invisible force behind the 'monotheism' cause; a secret that was never, ever meant to be discovered.

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